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Call us anytime 24/7 & 365

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Call Bail House 24/7



Call us anytime 24/7 & 365

(916) 782-7048

Insurance Bail License #1738147

Essential Terminology for Navigating the Legal System

May 29, 2023 | Learn About Bail, You Should Know

Finding yourself entangled in the criminal justice system can be a daunting and overwhelming experience. Whether you’re facing potential jail time or going through the bail bond process, understanding the legal terminology is critical. Familiarizing yourself with common terms and concepts can empower you and your loved ones to make informed decisions and navigate the complexities of the legal landscape. At Roseville Bail Bonds we want to help you understand the  terminology that individuals should know when facing jail time or going through the bail bond process.


Most Important Terms to Know:


Bail refers to the monetary amount set by the court to secure the release of an accused person from custody pending trial. Paying bail allows individual(s) to await trial outside of jail. The court may impose certain conditions, such as surrendering travel documents or attending court dates, to ensure the defendant’s appearance.

Bail Bonds or Bail Bond Loans

Bail bonds, also known as surety bonds or bail bond loans, refer to contracts between the accused person, a bail bond agent, and the court. If the accused cannot afford to pay the full bail amount, they can seek assistance from a bail bond agent who will post the bail on their behalf through what are called bail bond loans. The bail bond agent charges a non-refundable fee, typically a percentage of the bail amount, and assumes the responsibility of ensuring the defendant’s appearance in court. If the defendant doesn’t show up, the bail bond agency will usually hire a bounty hunter to bring him or her to court.

Bail Bond Premium

The bail bond loan’s premium is the fee charged by the bail bond agent for their services. It is typically a percentage of the total bail amount, often 10% in California. This fee is non-refundable, regardless of the case’s outcome, but is typically a lot more affordable for defendants than having to pay the entire bail amount up front.


The defendant is the person accused of committing a crime and facing legal charges. Throughout the legal process, the defendant is entitled to certain rights, including the right to legal representation and the presumption of innocence until proven guilty in court..


An indictment is a formal accusation that initiates a criminal case against an individual. It is issued by a grand jury or, in some cases, by a judge, after evaluating the evidence presented by the prosecution. The indictment outlines the specific charges brought against the defendant.

Plea Bargain

A plea bargain is an agreement between the defendant and the prosecution in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty or no contest to specific charges in exchange for a reduced sentence or other concessions. Plea bargains are commonly negotiated to avoid lengthy trials and uncertainty surrounding the case’s outcome.


The arraignment is the defendant’s first appearance before the court, where they are formally notified of the charges against them. During the arraignment, the defendant is asked to enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest. The court may also address bail and release conditions during this part of the process.


The trial is the formal legal proceeding where evidence is presented, witnesses testify, and arguments are made to determine the defendant’s guilt or innocence. The trial is presided over by a judge and decided by a jury or, in some cases, by the judge alone in what’s called a bench trial.


If the defendant is found guilty or pleads guilty, the court proceeds to the sentencing phase. Sentencing involves determining the appropriate punishment for the convicted person, which may include fines, probation, community service, or imprisonment.


Parole is the supervised release of a convicted individual from prison before completing their full sentence. It allows the person, if deemed safe, to serve the remainder of their sentence in the community under certain conditions. Violation of parole terms can result in re-incarceration.


Call Frank S. Calabretta’s Bail Bonds Roseville When You Need a “Bail Bondsman Near Me!

While facing jail time or going through the bail bond process can be intimidating, understanding the essential legal terminology can help demystify the complexities of the legal system. By familiarizing yourself with these common terms, you can navigate the process more confidently, communicate more effectively with legal professionals, and make informed decisions that protect your rights.

Remember, seeking the guidance of an experienced attorney as well as a certified bail bondsman  is crucial to ensure you receive proper legal representation and guidance throughout your journey. When you’re looking for a “bail bondsman near me,” look no further than Roseville Bail Bonds. Simply contact us at (916) 782-7048 24 hours a day, seven days a week, even on weekends and holidays! We will be there when you need us, ensuring a smooth bail process, affordable bail bond loans, and friendly, respectful service.

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